Specifying an Endpoint Configurator Class
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 8
The Java EE Tutorial

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Specifying an Endpoint Configurator Class

The Java API for WebSocket enables you to configure how the container creates server endpoint instances. You can provide custom endpoint configuration logic to:

  • Access the details of the initial HTTP request for a WebSocket connection

  • Perform custom checks on the Origin HTTP header

  • Modify the WebSocket handshake response

  • Choose a WebSocket subprotocol from those requested by the client

  • Control the instantiation and initialization of endpoint instances

To provide custom endpoint configuration logic, you extend the ServerEndpointConfig.Configurator class and override some of its methods. In the endpoint class, you specify the configurator class using the configurator parameter of the ServerEndpoint annotation.

For example, the following configurator class makes the handshake request object available to endpoint instances:

public class CustomConfigurator extends ServerEndpointConfig.Configurator {

    @Override
    public void modifyHandshake(ServerEndpointConfig conf,
                                HandshakeRequest req,
                                HandshakeResponse resp) {

        conf.getUserProperties().put("handshakereq", req);
    }

}

The following endpoint class configures endpoint instances with the custom configurator, which enables them to access the handshake request object:

@ServerEndpoint(
    value = "/myendpoint",
    configurator = CustomConfigurator.class
)
public class MyEndpoint {

    @OnOpen
    public void open(Session s, EndpointConfig conf) {
        HandshakeRequest req = (HandshakeRequest) conf.getUserProperties()
                                                      .get("handshakereq");
        Map<String,List<String>> headers = req.getHeaders();
        ...
    }
}

The endpoint class can use the handshake request object to access the details of the initial HTTP request, such as its headers or the HttpSession object.

For more information on endpoint configuration, see the API reference for the ServerEndpointConfig.Configurator class.


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