Using the Streaming API
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 8
The Java EE Tutorial

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Using the Streaming API

This section describes two use cases of the streaming API.

The following topics are addressed here:

Reading JSON Data Using a Parser

The streaming API is the most efficient approach for parsing JSON text. The following code demonstrates how to create a JsonParser object and how to parse JSON data using events:

import javax.json.Json;
import javax.json.stream.JsonParser;
...
JsonParser parser = Json.createParser(new StringReader(jsonData));
while (parser.hasNext()) {
   JsonParser.Event event = parser.next();
   switch(event) {
      case START_ARRAY:
      case END_ARRAY:
      case START_OBJECT:
      case END_OBJECT:
      case VALUE_FALSE:
      case VALUE_NULL:
      case VALUE_TRUE:
         System.out.println(event.toString());
         break;
      case KEY_NAME:
         System.out.print(event.toString() + " " +
                          parser.getString() + " - ");
         break;
      case VALUE_STRING:
      case VALUE_NUMBER:
         System.out.println(event.toString() + " " +
                            parser.getString());
         break;
   }
}

This example consists of three steps.

  1. Obtain a parser instance by calling the Json.createParser static method.

  2. Iterate over the parser events with the JsonParser.hasNext and the JsonParser.next methods.

  3. Perform local processing for each element.

The example shows the ten possible event types from the parser. The parser’s next method advances it to the next event. For the event types KEY_NAME, VALUE_STRING, and VALUE_NUMBER, you can obtain the content of the element by calling the method JsonParser.getString. For VALUE_NUMBER events, you can also use the following methods:

  • JsonParser.isIntegralNumber

  • JsonParser.getInt

  • JsonParser.getLong

  • JsonParser.getBigDecimal

See the Java EE API reference for the javax.json.stream.JsonParser interface for more information.

The output of this example is the following:

START_OBJECT
KEY_NAME firstName - VALUE_STRING Duke
KEY_NAME lastName - VALUE_STRING Java
KEY_NAME age - VALUE_NUMBER 18
KEY_NAME streetAddress - VALUE_STRING 100 Internet Dr
KEY_NAME city - VALUE_STRING JavaTown
KEY_NAME state - VALUE_STRING JA
KEY_NAME postalCode - VALUE_STRING 12345
KEY_NAME phoneNumbers - START_ARRAY
START_OBJECT
KEY_NAME type - VALUE_STRING mobile
KEY_NAME number - VALUE_STRING 111-111-1111
END_OBJECT
START_OBJECT
KEY_NAME type - VALUE_STRING home
KEY_NAME number - VALUE_STRING 222-222-2222
END_OBJECT
END_ARRAY
END_OBJECT

Writing JSON Data Using a Generator

The following code demonstrates how to write JSON data to a file using the streaming API:

FileWriter writer = new FileWriter("test.txt");
JsonGenerator gen = Json.createGenerator(writer);
gen.writeStartObject()
   .write("firstName", "Duke")
   .write("lastName", "Java")
   .write("age", 18)
   .write("streetAddress", "100 Internet Dr")
   .write("city", "JavaTown")
   .write("state", "JA")
   .write("postalCode", "12345")
   .writeStartArray("phoneNumbers")
      .writeStartObject()
         .write("type", "mobile")
         .write("number", "111-111-1111")
      .writeEnd()
      .writeStartObject()
         .write("type", "home")
         .write("number", "222-222-2222")
      .writeEnd()
   .writeEnd()
.writeEnd();
gen.close();

This example obtains a JSON generator by calling the Json.createGenerator static method, which takes a writer or an output stream as a parameter. The example writes JSON data to the test.txt file by nesting calls to the write, writeStartArray, writeStartObject, and writeEnd methods. The JsonGenerator.close method closes the underlying writer or output stream.


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