WebSocket Security Considerations
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 8
The Java EE Tutorial

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WebSocket Security Considerations

If the WebSocket is declared in a page which is restricted to logged-in users only with a specific role, then you might want to add the push handshake request URL to the set of restricted URLs.

The push handshake request URL is composed of the URI prefix, /javax.faces.push/, followed by the channel name. In the example of container managed security, which has already restricted an example page, /user/foo.xhtml, to logged-in users with the example role, USER, on the example URL pattern, /user/*, in web.xml, see below:

<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>Restrict access to role USER.
</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/user/*</url-pattern>
</web-resource-collection>
<auth-constraint>
<role-name>USER</role-name>
</auth-constraint>
</security-constraint>

If the page, /user/foo.xhtml, contains <f:websocket channel="foo">, then you must add a restriction on the push handshake request URL pattern of /javax.faces.push/foo, as shown next:

<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>Restrict access to role USER.
</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/user/*</url-pattern>
<url-pattern>/javax.faces.push/foo</url-pattern>
</web-resource-collection>
<auth-constraint>
<role-name>USER</role-name>
</auth-constraint>
</security-constraint>

As extra security, particularly for those public channels which cannot be restricted by security constraints, the f:websocket tag will register all previously declared channels in the current HTTP session, and any incoming WebSocket open request will be checked for whether it matches these channels in the current HTTP session. If the channel is unknown (for example, randomly guessed or spoofed by end users or manually reconnected after the session is expired), then the WebSocket will immediately be closed with close reason code, CloseCodes.VIOLATED_POLICY (1008). Also, when the HTTP session gets destroyed, all session and view-scoped channels which are still open will explicitly be closed from the server side with close reason code, CloseCodes.NORMAL_CLOSURE (1000). Only application-scoped sockets remain open and are still reachable from the server even when the session or view associated with the page in the client side is expired.


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