The taskcreator Concurrency Example
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 8
The Java EE Tutorial

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The taskcreator Concurrency Example

The taskcreator example demonstrates how to use Concurrency Utilities for Java EE to run tasks immediately, periodically, or after a fixed delay. This example provides a JavaServer Faces interface that enables users to submit tasks to be executed and displays information messages for each task. The example uses the Managed Executor Service to run tasks immediately and the Managed Scheduled Executor Service to run tasks periodically or after a fixed delay. (See Main Components of the Concurrency Utilities for information about these services.)

The taskcreator example consists of the following components.

  • A JavaServer Faces page (index.xhtml) that contains three elements: a form to submit tasks, a task execution log, and a form to cancel periodic tasks. This page submits Ajax requests to create and cancel tasks. This page also receives WebSocket messages, using JavaScript code to update the task execution log.

  • A CDI managed bean (TaskCreatorBean) that processes the requests from the JavaServer Faces page. This bean invokes the methods in TaskEJB to submit new tasks and to cancel periodic tasks.

  • An enterprise bean (TaskEJB) that obtains executor service instances using resource injection and submits tasks for execution. This bean is also a JAX-RS web service endpoint. The tasks send information messages to this endpoint.

  • A WebSocket endpoint (InfoEndpoint) that the enterprise bean uses to send information messages to the clients.

  • A task class (Task) that implements the Runnable interface. The run method in this class sends information messages to the web service endpoint in TaskEJB and sleeps for 1.5 seconds.

Figure 59-1 shows the architecture of the taskcreator example.

Figure 59-1 Architecture of the taskcreator Example

The figure shows the architecture of the taskcreator example. The JavaServer Faces page invokes methods on a CDI-managed bean, which submits task initiation requests to an enterprise bean. The enterprise bean uses a WebSocket endpoint to indicate to clients that an updated task execution log is available.

The TaskEJB class obtains the default executor service objects from the application server as follows:

@Resource(name="java:comp/DefaultManagedExecutorService")
ManagedExecutorService mExecService;

@Resource(name="java:comp/DefaultManagedScheduledExecutorService")
ManagedScheduledExecutorService sExecService;

The submitTask method in TaskEJB uses these objects to submit tasks for execution as follows:

public void submitTask(Task task, String type) {
    /* Use the managed executor objects from the app server */
    switch (type) {
        case "IMMEDIATE":
            mExecService.submit(task);
            break;
        case "DELAYED":
            sExecService.schedule(task, 3, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            break;
        case "PERIODIC":
            ScheduledFuture<?> fut;
            fut = sExecService.scheduleAtFixedRate(task, 0, 8,
                    TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            periodicTasks.put(task.getName(), fut);
            break;
    }
}

For periodic tasks, TaskEJB keeps a reference to the ScheduledFuture object, so that the user can cancel the task at any time.

Running the taskcreator Example

This section describes how to build, package, deploy, and run the taskcreator example using NetBeans IDE or Maven.

The following topics are addressed here:

To Build, Package, and Deploy the taskcreator Example Using NetBeans IDE

  1. Make sure that GlassFish Server has been started (see Starting and Stopping GlassFish Server).

  2. From the File menu, choose Open Project.

  3. In the Open Project dialog box, navigate to:

    tut-install/examples/concurrency
  4. Select the taskcreator folder.

  5. Click Open Project.

  6. In the Projects tab, right-click the taskcreator project and select Build.

    This command builds and deploys the application.

To Build, Package, and Deploy the taskcreator Example Using Maven

  1. Make sure that GlassFish Server has been started (see Starting and Stopping GlassFish Server).

  2. In a terminal window, go to:

    tut-install/examples/concurrency/taskcreator
  3. Enter the following command to build and deploy the application:

    mvn install

To Run the taskcreator Example

  1. Open the following URL in a web browser:

    http://localhost:8080/taskcreator/

    The page contains a form to submit tasks, a task execution log, and a form to cancel periodic tasks.

  2. Select the Immediate task type, enter a task name, and click the Submit button. Messages like the following appear in the task execution log:

    12:40:47 - IMMEDIATE Task TaskA finished
    12:40:45 - IMMEDIATE Task TaskA started
  3. Select the Delayed (3 sec) task type, enter a task name, and click the Submit button. Messages like the following appear in the task execution log:

    12:43:26 - DELAYED Task TaskB finished
    12:43:25 - DELAYED Task TaskB started
    12:43:22 - DELAYED Task TaskB submitted
  4. Select the Periodic (8 sec) task type, enter a task name, and click the Submit button. Messages like the following appear in the task execution log:

    12:45:25 - PERIODIC Task TaskC finished run #2
    12:45:23 - PERIODIC Task TaskC started run #2
    12:45:17 - PERIODIC Task TaskC finished run #1
    12:45:15 - PERIODIC Task TaskC started run #1

    You can add more than one periodic task. To cancel a periodic task, select it from the form and click Cancel Task.


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