Using the @PostConstruct and @PreDestroy Annotations with CDI Managed Bean Classes
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 8
The Java EE Tutorial

Previous Next Contents

Using the @PostConstruct and @PreDestroy Annotations with CDI Managed Bean Classes

CDI managed bean classes and their superclasses support the annotations for initializing and for preparing for the destruction of a bean. These annotations are defined in JSR 250: Common Annotations for the Java platform (http://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=250).

The following topics are addressed here:

To Initialize a Managed Bean Using the @PostConstruct Annotation

Initializing a managed bean specifies the lifecycle callback method that the CDI framework should call after dependency injection but before the class is put into service.

  1. In the managed bean class or any of its superclasses, define a method that performs the initialization that you require.

  2. Annotate the declaration of the method with the javax.annotation.PostConstruct annotation.

When the managed bean is injected into a component, CDI calls the method after all injection has occurred and after all initializers have been called.

Note:

As mandated in JSR 250, if the annotated method is declared in a superclass, the method is called unless a subclass of the declaring class overrides the method.

The UserNumberBean managed bean in The guessnumber-cdi CDI Example uses @PostConstruct to annotate a method that resets all bean fields:

@PostConstruct
public void reset () {
    this.minimum = 0;
    this.userNumber = 0;
    this.remainingGuesses = 0;
    this.maximum = maxNumber;
    this.number = randomInt.get();
}

To Prepare for the Destruction of a Managed Bean Using the @PreDestroy Annotation

Preparing for the destruction of a managed bean specifies the lifecycle call back method that signals that an application component is about to be destroyed by the container.

  1. In the managed bean class or any of its superclasses, prepare for the destruction of the managed bean.

    In this method, perform any cleanup that is required before the bean is destroyed, such as releasing a resource that the bean has been holding.

  2. Annotate the declaration of the method with the javax.annotation.PreDestroy annotation.

CDI calls this method before starting to destroy the bean.


Previous Next Contents
Oracle Logo  Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.